Is Debt Buying Profitable 2024?

There is a growing interest in debt buying recently as, unlike debt collecting, debt buying happens in the background. This leads us to our next and significant question: Is Debt Buying Profitable?

Is Debt Buying Profitable

So, keep reading to understand what exactly debt buying is, how it works, and it is really profitable.

What Is Debt Buying?

A debt buyer is an individual or a company that purchases the debt of other companies at discounted prices.

The debt buyers are called active when they collect the debt by themselves and passive when they hire a collection agency to collect it on their behalf.

These debts are delinquent or charged off by the seller, The common types of debts purchased by the debt buyers are as follows:

  • Credit Card
  • Debt Card
  • Medical bills
  • Utilities
  • Payday loans
  • Phone bills
  • Unsecured personal loans
  • Auto loan obligations
  • Home mortgage debts
  • Bankruptcy filings
  • Tax liens
  • Commercial lending agreements
  • Telecommunication debts
  • Short-term and small-balance loans
  • Second mortgage loans

How Debt Buying Works?

How Debt Buying Works

The debt buyer purchases accounts with an outstanding balance from the creditors at market value. They then collect on the account they have purchased, either through a third-party collection agency or a law firm or directly by themselves.

Moreover, the creditors sell their debts to achieve different objectives, such as recovering their capital investment, reducing their loss provisions, and generating a tax write-off.

How Debt Buyers Differ From Creditors?

Profit-making is the primary difference you can find between debt buyers and debt creditors. Debt buyers are often engaged in activities such as phone calls and sending letters to encourage the debtor to repay.

Once they acquire the debt, they can often choose how best to collect it back.

On the contrary, creditors may attempt to collect the debt from the buyers, but their primary focus is on the original agreement. They want to maintain control over the loan and collect back what was initially owed.

Also, creditors sometimes prefer selling their debts at a loss to debt buyers.

However, a debt buyer is more interested in buying a portfolio of loans with potential profit, even if it takes longer to collect.

Is Debt Buying Profitable?

Debt buying is a risky business. The chances of recovery are abysmal. It can be profitable for companies that specialize in it.

However, the profitability of debt buying varies depending on factors such as age and quality of debt, the legal and regulatory environment, and the effectiveness of the collection efforts.

Debt buying is a highly regulated industry, and if you want to succeed in this field then you must have a deep understanding of legal requirements, consumer behavior, and ethical considerations.

How Debt Buyers Make Money?

Debt buyers make money by purchasing debts cheaply and then trying to collect them from the debtors.

Even if the debt buyer collects a small fraction of the amount owed on a debt it bought- say two or three times what it paid for the debt, it still results in a significant profit.

How To Become A Debt Buyer?

How To Become A Debt Buyer

Becoming a debt buyer can be an extremely profitable venture. However, there is often little details on how to become one.

Here are the steps that will help you understand the process of becoming a debt buyer:

1. Decide The Debt Buyer Business Model

Debt-buying processes depend on the reasons for buying the debt and the type of debt you want to buy.

However, even if your purpose is defined, you must decide on what type of debt your want purchase or deal with, such as:

  • Credit and debit cards
  • Auto loans
  • Bad cheques
  • Students loans
  • Overdrafts
  • Bail bonds

2. Formalize The Business Structure

The next step is to decide what type of business entity is best for the type of your business. Limited Liability Companies (LLC) are the easiest to establish and demand the lowest compliance requirements and fees throughout the year.

You can also consult an attorney, as the decision on which type of entity is best will depend on your individual tax situation.

3. Get The Necessary Licences and Permits To Buy The Debt

The next step is to obtain the necessary license and permits to buy the debt. This varies greatly on the state or states in which you have established the LLC and are operating the business.

It is lawful to operate as a debt buyer, even without a license and without becoming a debt collection agency in some states. At the same time, some states might require you to obtain the license and permits prior to the beginning of any business activity.

To find out what the license and permit norms are in your state, visit the state government website.

4. Join Regulatory Organization

The most important thing in debt buying is ethics. Depending on the location, the state and several regulatory bodies strictly want the debt buyers to follow the ethics of the business. You can join the following regulatory organizations:

  • Consumer Financial Bureau (CFPB)
  • Receivable Management Association International (RMAI)
  • Better Business Bureau (BBB)

5. Install Secure Software

In debt buying, you have access to a wide variety of borrower data points, from names and addresses to bank details.

For this reason, the hardware and software you use for your business must be secure and complaint with all the legal and industry standards.

You can also ask an attorney if you are not sure about what security you need to install in order to protect all the data.

6. Review Every Potential Purchase Of Debt Portfolios

The final step is to learn how to conduct extensive and detailed due diligence for every debt purchase make.

This is because, as a debt buyer, you have very few protections to protect your investments, which means that you are the sole person who is responsible for verifying the details and lawfulness of a debt purchase.

Therefore, review every potential purchase of the debt portfolio you make.

How To Deal Before A Debt Buyer Sues You?

If you receive phone calls and demand letters from the debt buyer but he/she hasn’t filed a lawsuit against you, then the first thing to do is decide whether you should ignore the deal or deal with the debt buyer.

Ignore The Debt Buyer

If the debt is outside the statute of limitations (the period in which the debt buyer must file the lawsuit), you can safely ignore the debt buyer’s demand. The statute of limitation is usually between 3 to 6 years.

Deal With The Debt Buyer

If the debt is recent and you possess the assets or income that can be used to pay the debt, then you should probably deal with the matter before the debt buyer sues you.

It is advised to hire an attorney and ask them to send a letter to the debt buyer asking for more information on the debt.

How to Deal When A Debt Buyer Sues You?

How to Deal When A Debt Buyer Sues You

If a debt buyer has filed a lawsuit against you, then you must respond and include any defenses you have to the suit such as the statute of limitations has expired.

Respond To The Lawsuit

If you respond to the lawsuit the debt buyer will have the proof that you owe the money and it owns the debt. Most often, the chances of debt buyers winning litigation against the customers who fight back are low.

This is because the debt buyers often lack the necessary documents to prove their case. Suppose the debt buyer has all the documents then it is advised to try settling it with the debt buyer before it goes for the trial.

Don’t Respond To Lawsuit

If you don’t respond timely to the lawsuit, the judge may enter a default judgment against you. Then, the debt buyer can use various methods to collect the money, such as garnishing your wages or levying your bank account.


The answer to “Is Debt Buying Profitable 2024?” is a bit complicated. Buying someone else’s receivable is a dangerous and risky business. The chances of not getting the money back are very high.

However, once you understand and specialize in how it’s done, it can turn into a profitable venture. If you wish to become a debt buyer, then follow the above-mentioned steps. And if in any confusion, do not hesitate to hire the best attorney who is experienced in the filed.


How will I know if a debt buyer owns my debt?

To know if a debt buyer owns your debt, you can use the credit report to see if the debt buyer is listed on the credit report as the current creditor on the account. You can also contact the original creditor or a debt collection agency to inquire about the status of your debt.

What will happen if I don't pay my debt?

If you don’t pay your debts, the debt collection agency can notify the credit bureaus about your failure to pay, and your credit score will suffer. They may also file a lawsuit against you.

Are debt buyers also called debt collectors?

Debt buyers who collect the debt and then collect the payments owed are also called debt creditors, debt collection companies, or debt collection agencies.

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